What Exports Are Prohibited or Restricted in China?
From the perspective of customs supervision in China, exports are divided into three categories: prohibited exports, restricted exports, and free exports.
I. Prohibited exports
The Chinese government will publish a list of prohibited exports regularly. In addition, some laws also specify the types of goods that are prohibited from being exported.
1. Goods on the list of prohibited exports
China has now published five batches of prohibited exports, including substances that damage the environment, endangered species or their products, charcoal, certain hazardous chemicals, pesticides, silica sand, and quartz sand that threaten human health.
2. Exports prohibited by laws
These refer to newly discovered or valuable wild plants, source plasma, certain chemicals that cause great harm to the environment, etc.
II. Restricted exports
China has lists of restricted exports, on which all the goods listed must acquire export licenses or quotas before being exported.
1. Goods under license management
Exporters must obtain export licenses from licensing authority, China’s Ministry of Commerce, or other government departments, before exporting certain goods, such as dual-use items (sensitive items or precursor chemicals), endangered species, and gold products.
2. Goods under quota management
China has adopted quota management for some exports within a certain period, and only enterprises that obtain export quotas are allowed to export such goods. The goods under quota management vary yearly, including some Chinese herbs and livestock in 2023, for example.
III. Free exports
Most goods can be exported from China freely, except for prohibited and restricted exports.
Contributor: Zhao Jing
Agency/Firm: Hylands Law Firm